Most people believe that the Internet is one huge network. However, it is a set of large and small networks that work together to create one smooth connection. When you do make the decision to connect to the Internet, you have two basic options to choose from: IP transit or peering.
Tier 1Networks are the biggest collection of networks in the world. Compared to all the other smaller ones, these are the fewest in number because they need to be the most stable. We won’t go into how these networks are connected together throughout the world because it is a very complicated process that also involves some of the Earth’s satellites, but they are indeed the base for every other network to work from.
The process of connecting to these networks is called Peering. Basically, two or more connections between equal peers are established to share the traffic. This is a great way for the bigger networks to be allowed some space to work efficiently and at the highest speeds possible. Tier 1Networks are not freely distributed to anyone. Since the Internet was originally created to serve the military, its highest points are under the strictest amount of security. However, this does not mean that you will not be able to use its features in your home. This is precisely where Peering comes into play.
Peering allows these bigger networks to be separated into even smaller ones, which will eventually be granted to your service provider, who will then distribute the connection to its customers. The enormous size of these primary networks means that they cannot all be connected through cables. So they use high powered routers to distribute the connection equally.
The smaller networks are called Tier 2 Networks. They have a much smaller capacity than a Tier 1 Network, and they are not considered an equal peer to the Tier 1 Network. Because of this, they are required to pay for the purchase of the Tier 1 Networks services. This is where the entire Internet chain starts to unfold, and where it begins to divide itself into much smaller connections. The charge that Tier 2 Networks pay in order to connect to a Tier 1 Network is called IP transit.
From this, Internet Service Providers can choose how they wish to develop their services to smaller companies and individuals. Their first choice is to invest into building their own network and eventually reaching the same peer level that is require for them to share the Internet connections of larger networks. This would ensure very stable connections, fast speeds and reliability, but it does cost a lot more to do and is the less frequent choice that companies make.
Their second option is to purchase IP transit from a much larger network. This is a much cheaper option as they do not need to set up any expensive device to run the network and can get started almost immediately. But it does mean that the network will be less stable than that of a Tier 1 Network peer. However, as we have previously mentioned, the required level of stability largely depends on who the Internet Service Provider’s customers will be.
ServerSpace.co.uk offers excellent packages for network management as well as IP transit, which you can check out on their website. The Internet is becoming more and more advanced as the years go by and as the technology of Internet devices improves. The possibilities are endless when it comes to ways in which the Web can be used to make people’s lives and businesses easier and more efficient.